Impact of HIV/AIDS on the education sector
A recent UNICEF-supported study has concluded that the supply of education in Mozambique would be dramatically affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Supply constraints, already severe, will worsen considerably by the end of 2010. As a result the teacher training system will be under severe pressure.
Over the period 2000-2010, HIV/AIDS is projected to result in the education sector losing some 17% of its personnel. Across all levels, some 9,200 teachers will die, and an estimated 123 senior managers, planners and administrators will be lost. For each of these educators about 18 months of productive work time will also be lost as they succumb to the disease. As a result of existing problems affecting the supply of education, HIV/AIDS will have little effect on reducing the demand for education, except at the EP1 level. Worsening supply of education due to the pandemic will further depress the ability of the system to meet demand at all levels. There are 2.6 million children in schools in Mozambique. The majority of these are in EP1 (85%). While the number of children in EP1 will continue to increase despite the spread of HIV/AIDS, the rate of increase will decline. This is because fewer children will be born, and those who are born will die before they enter the school system. By 2010 it is expected that there will be 13% fewer children in EP1 than would otherwise be the case.
In current US dollars, the total estimated cost to the education system is estimated to be around $110 million. This represents an additional cost of 6.9% due to HIV/AIDS alone. The bulk of these costs arise from related sick and death benefits, and to a lesser extent by expanded teacher training costs. With the education system currently receiving around 14% of the national budget, these losses will have a significant impact on the abilityof the state, and MINED, to cope. In the meantime various initiatives have been taken to support HIV prevention activities in education, supporting the national HIV/AIDS strategic plan for the sector. An information kit is currently being procured and assembled for delivery to 40,000 teachers early next year. A module on HIV/AIDS has been developed by ADPP/Humana People to People or use in training teachers in 6 colleges in the country.
Already 600 teachers have been trained, and are now using their knowledge and skills to reach people through their community work, and through clubs. Additional materials wereordered for distribution to other NGOs through SAIDAS. IAP has developed a life skills (HIV/AIDS focus) module for their programme for upgrading teachers (through distance teaching methodologies), and will begin to introduce the course in 2001. INDE has finalised the first draft of life skills/HIV-AIDS materials prepared for complementary reading for primary school children. These are currently being commented upon, and will be tested in the classroom shortly. Life skills training with a strong bias on HIV and AIDS has been undertaken in all six provinces (Nampula, Zambézia, Sofala, Manica, Gaza, and Inhambane). Involved in the training were staff from the national directorates of MINED, INDE, IAP, and staff from the provincial directorates in the provinces. 30 NGOs have been trained in the use of Sara Communication materials, with special training undertaken inco-ordination with FDC involving 50 teachers and 5 students from MaputoProvince. Students from the Escola de Jornalismo were also trained in the use of these materials.Youth groups have also been supported in the Beira corridor (Gondola, Manica, and Bárue districts, as well as Cidade de Chimoio), where they have been trained as activistas. The provincial directorates of education and health in Manica Province facilitated the training. Additional capacity will be built into the basic education programme to give a major boost to youth and HIV and AIDS in 2001. Recruitment of staff is currently underway.
A recent UNICEF-supported study on the Impact of HIV/AIDS on the education Sector concluded that the supply of education in Mozambique would be dramatically affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Within Basic Education, HIV/AIDS activities focus on Lifeskills education for young people in collaboration with the Ministry of Education. Life skills-based education can be applied to a wide range of content areas or issues, of which healtheducation is one example, and within that, HIV/AIDS education might be considered a subset (Lifeskills Powerpoint Presentation 30 KB). For further information about Lifeskills in education, please contact Patrick Devos. In November 2000, a study was commissioned by the Ministry of Education investigating the impact of HIV/AIDS on the education sector in Mozambique.
This publication has recently been finalised and will be available on-line in August 2001.Assessment of the impact of HIV/AIDS on the education sector in Mozambique (This report has been completed but has not yet been launched by MINED) HIV/Aids Vulnerability Study in Madrassas in Nampula City The Silent Emergency..